The official Costa Rica Travel Blog. Hundreds of articles on Costa Rica trip planning, Costa Rica travel, and saving money in Costa Rica, plus free discounts. Pura vida!

Where Your Costa Rica Coffee Comes From (And What It Took For You To Get It)

Where Your Costa Rica Coffee Comes From (And What It Took For You To Get It)

NOTE: The content on this page was last updated on May 20th, 2017.

Some people around the world rely on a cup of coffee to make it through their day. In Costa Rica, some people rely on that cup of coffee to make it from day to day.

Costa Rican coffee is incredible. Arguably one of the best coffees in the world, it is no surprise that some of the biggest brewers including Starbucks and Tim Hortons opt for Tico beans. If you are a coffee drinker, you likely savour the flavour, know the exact blend that is right for you, and have your drink preparation guidelines nailed down. If ‘perk’ peaks your interest, you may also know how coffee is produced, be able to describe the process from bean plant to manufacturing plant, and understand the perfect roasting technique. But how much do you really know about where (or should we say, who) coffee comes from? About what is given in return for the ideal product that so many of us consume on a daily basis? About what all goes into making the perfect cup of coffee (beyond the cream and sugar)?

Ricky as a young boy working at a Coffee Plantation
Ricky as a young boy working at a Coffee Plantation

A large part of Ricky’s childhood was spent working at coffee plantations in the Turrialba area of Costa Rica. His memories of the job bring both smiles and sadness to my face, as his shared accounts inform me that his experiences brought him joy throughout his years as a bean-picker, despite the multitude of challenges and difficulties he faced on a daily basis to complete his work. He reminds me that coffee production is manually intensive and that the success of the industry is a direct result of the hard work of the individuals working at the plantations, despite being overshadowed by the talents of baristas in-store and/or marketing campaigns run by ‘higher-ups’ in corporate offices.

He explains that the workday started early (usually between 4:00am and 4:30am in order to prepare breakfast and lunch for the day). The local buses did not run so early in the morning, so he had to walk to work if he wasn’t lucky enough to catch a ride in the back of a cow truck. Once at the plantation, sticks in the ground marked each bean-picker’s territory. The coffee plantations were divided into long columns that ran from the roadside to the top of the plantation hill. Each section’s incline from the road up was a steep one, given that coffee plants are best grown on a slope. Beginning his hike, Ricky would make his way up the column looking for the perfect spot to stash his lunch and the coffee bags that were provided to him by the plantation manager. Poro trees were ideal – their leaves provided protective shade from the sun and their branches were strong enough to support the weight of the packed lunch which was tied up high to prevent animals from enjoying the food before Ricky would later break for a meal.

Coffee Beans
Coffee Beans

With his lunch in place (and empty coffee bags hidden nearby), Ricky would spend the day climbing up and down the side of the plantation in search of red and yellow coffee beans. Careful not to pick the green ones (such irresponsible work was cause for termination), Ricky would balance himself (as well as the large woven coffee basket tied around his waist) as he made his way throughout the plantation, slowly collecting his income. Basket by basket, the collected beans would be poured into the coffee bags and stored by the Poro tree. After hours of the same routine (and a break mid-day for lunch), the end of the day came when the coffee truck arrived. Bean-pickers lined up for their turn to dump their coffee bags into cajuelas, which measured the total amount of beans collected. As Ricky recalls, the payment per cajuela was 50 colones (approximately 10 cents). On a good day, when anywhere between 12-16 cajuelas were filled, bean-pickers would go home with $1.20-$1.60 in their pockets. Nowadays, the going rate for a cajuela is closer to $2.00, however despite the 20X increase over the last 20 years or so, it is still difficult to believe that a day of hard work is currently valued between $24.00-$32.00.

Perhaps the most unsettling part of it all is the lack of work security that the employment offers. Jobs at the coffee plantations are seasonal, and since the coffee season typically lasts between 3-4 months of the year (depending on the plantation’s exact location and the weather the area receives), bean-pickers are only guaranteed work for a few months at a time. For this reason, not only are bean-pickers limited to work at certain times of the year, but their degree of success (determined by the number of cajuelas they can fill according to the number of beans that are ready to be picked) is entirely dependent on the weather.

Payment (or lack thereof) aside, plantation workers face countless other challenges. Simply bracing the weather and its extremes – from torrential rain downpours to scorching dry heat and burning rays of sun – is an incredible feat. Work conditions are uncomfortable and strenuous on the body, including standing on an incline/decline throughout the day, carrying large and heavy baskets/bags, reaching up high and bending down low to access plants, occasionally getting poked in the face by a branch or hitting a knee on a rock when kneeling down, and going home with sore, cut fingers completely raw from picking beans all day. Mosquitoes, wasps, and snakes make regular appearances and there is no where to turn for medical assistance if it is needed. Ricky also notes that there were no bathrooms available, so workers were forced to visit a forest or secluded area nearby to relieve themselves.

Ricky - returning to the Coffee Plantation
Ricky – returning to the Coffee Plantation

I snapped the above photo of Ricky a few years ago when were driving through the Turrialba area. We visited the exact same location that the first photo posted above was taken at so many years ago. Now that Ricky is a successful white water rafting guide, safety kayaker, and business owner, it is humbling to remember the experiences that taught him to be responsible, appreciate the value of a dollar, and work hard from such a young age. One thing that will never change is his ability to see the silver lining in everything. Our visit to the coffee plantation brought back so many memories for Ricky – surely, both good and bad – yet, he had nothing but positive things to say. He explained that everyone who worked on the plantation was happy – happy with life in general and happy to be working where they were. He suggested that some people were quiet workers, however their silence did not signify sadness, rather it simply meant that they were working as hard and as focused as they possibly could. Other people (Ricky included) would compete with friends working on the same plantation to see who could fill the most baskets, bags, etc. Older adults would share stories about their families and some would even help the time pass by singing karaoke (rancheras – yip! yip!). At lunch, the workers would gather together to eat, flip over their baskets to use as seats, and share their yuca, sausage, or plantain with one another. After all, the bean-pickers were more than simply co-workers. They were a family.

*Discounts for coffee tours are available through Pura Vida! eh? Incorporated at:

*American readers, if you are interested in learning more about fair trade companies in the US, please access the Fair Trade Directory.

QUESTION TO COMMENT ON: Have you tried Costa Rican coffee? Did you enjoy it?

Pura vida!

Nikki and Ricky

DIY Costa Rica

Costa Rica tour discounts

32 thoughts on “Where Your Costa Rica Coffee Comes From (And What It Took For You To Get It)”

  • Thanks for stopping by and liking my latest post. I spent a couple of months in Costa Rica 5 years ago (already, wow!) and loved it. Can’t wait to get back and see more of it! In the meantime, I’ll keep looking at your blog for inspiration and nostalgia.

    I also want to thank you for sharing this info on what goes into a cup of coffee. I’ve been working in Fair Trade for years, looking to create a more sustainable way of doing business and know that awareness makes a big difference.


    • Marika –
      Your comment put a huge smile on our faces! It is great to hear that you have been working in Fair Trade – we proudly wrote the blog post “Where Your Costa Rica Coffee Comes From (And What It Took For You To Get It)” and would be even prouder if it inspired any reader to think twice about work conditions. We’re also so glad to hear that you have been to Costa Rica before and spent a few months in-country. You know we’d love to have you back! 😉
      Pura vida!

    • Radu Stefan RS –
      Thank you so much for the kind compliment! Your blog is unbelievably addictive. We love movies and could spend hours browsing through your posts/archive. Loved the recent piece on Crazy, Stupid. Love. 🙂
      Pura vida!

  • I love trying different coffees, but I can’t remember the last time I had a Costa Rican one. After reading this, I’m thinking that needs to change. The stories of people working on these coffee farms is so heartbreaking yet inspiring. Especially so when you think about how much we’re willing to pay for a good cup of coffee in speciality coffee shops. Great post 🙂

    • Emilia –
      Thank you so much for your comment! Costa Rica coffee is SO good, and you are 100% right – considering how much most people are willing to pay for a cup, it would be wonderful if the workers producing the greatness were valued the same. All the best to you on your coffee-drinking and croissant-tasting adventures! 😉
      Pura vida!

  • Thank you for painting a true picture of what goes in to that beautiful espresso that I enjoy everyday; I always buy Fairtrade, but didn’t really realise just how much hard work goes in to something we take for granted. I have a new found deep appreciation for my morning coffee and I wish more people did too. Have posted out this link on Twitter!

    • stefanicrystal –
      Thank you so much for your great comment! We are so glad that the post inspired self reflection and awareness. Thank you also for the tweet (are you @gradabout?)! If so, we’ll retweet it now. 🙂
      Pura vida!

      • No problem at all! Twitter @stefanicrystal – thanks!

        P.S. – I just have to say that I love the expression Pura Vida. It has always resonated with me; the first gift my boyfriend, who is Spanish, ever bought me was a hand made wooden bracelet with the words ‘pura vida’ written on it – two of the first words I ever learnt in Spanish! I’ve never been to Costa Rica yet though it is up there in my top 5 countries to visit – I can only imagine the pura vida that is experienced in such a beautiful place.

      • stefanicrystal –
        Thanks so much for the tweet – we just retweeted it. 🙂
        Re: “pura vida”. Us too, and we have miles in common. Check out the following post (one of the first we ever wrote) – – and note the ‘bracelet’ photo. A pura vida bracelet was the first gift my husband (boyfriend at the time) gave me as well. Can’t wait to hear from you the day you make it to CR!
        Pura vida!

  • Costa Rica is one of the places I wish to visit someday, love this bit about coffee, coffee is one of those things for us Puerto Ricans 🙂 PURA VIDA!

  • Great article, I’ve done some fruit picking jobs back in the day. Snakes, storms, spiders can be nasty… but I did it for fun that’s the difference. Great to see the reality of where our coffee comes from!

    • morgansherrah –
      Thanks so much for your comment! It is great to hear from someone who has had a similar experience, and even better to hear that you too appreciate learning where products (in this case, coffee) come from! 🙂
      Pura vida!

  • What an interesting post! I hope to visit Costa Rica at some point.
    I have to agree with Stefanicrystal, I too did not realize the incredibly work ordeal the workers face on a day to day basis.
    Thanks also for becoming a follower of my blog.

    • audfashion –
      It is incredible how much “behind the scenes” work goes into so many products that most of us consume on a daily basis with little understanding (or appreciation for) the entire process. Thanks goes out to you for taking a moment to read our story re: coffee bean pickers in Costa Rica, and for sharing your humility with us! 🙂
      Pura vida!

    • djmatticus –
      Hmmmm… I would guess that it was Trader Joe’s Peaberry Coffee (when it was available). I believe the only other product they offer that includes Costa Rican beans is their Italian Roast Espresso. In either case, I’m sure it was delicious! 🙂
      Pura vida!

  • Ricky’s story makes me smile. My parents have coffee on their property in Costa Rica. CR coffee is so delicious because it has the Pura Vida love in it! 🙂

  • Wow, it’s amazing all the things the costa rica coffee has to go through to get to the people’s hands.
    I wish this things were much different than they were, but unfortunately, they aren’t.
    Thanks for the post.

    • Britt –
      Hola amigos! Thanks so much for the comment. As you know, coffee is a HUGE industry – so many rely on it (some to make a living and others to simply make it through their morning). We too wish some parts of the industry were different, however in the meantime we are happy to simply facilitate a discussion on the topic to let coffee-drinkers everywhere know why they should appreciate the cup. 🙂
      Pura vida!

Have something to say or add to the discussion? Leave your comment below!